House Order of the Golden Lion, Type II, Commander Breast Star with Swords

SKU: 01.HSK.0101.304.01

Estimated market value:

$ Click to See Price/Value

  • Add an image


  • country
  • date of institution
  • remarks
    The Commander Cross may be smooth or faceted, and may feature a variety of fastening devices. This is largely due to the fact that many of the Breast Stars were privately manufactured. The German name of the award is ‘Hausorden vom Goldenen Löwen, Bruststern zum Komturkreuz mit Schwertern'.

Physical Description

A Maltese cross, constructed of silver, gold, and enamel, with gold crossed swords through the centre. The edge of the cross is often raised. The centre medallion is blue enameled with a gold border. It features a gold crowned Hessian lion walking to the viewer’s left. The reverse is silver and smooth with a pinback.


The House Order of the Golden Lion was instituted by Landgraf Friedrich II of Hesse-Kassel and was dedicated to Saint Elisabeth of Hungary, an ancestor of the founder. The order was conferred upon individuals who demonstrated exceptional civil or military merit.

In 1818, Prince-Elector Wilhelm I added three additional grades to the order, and from this point onward, the awards of the order featured his name or initials on the reverse. The classes now were: Grand Cross, I Class Commander, II Class Commander, and Knight Cross. Although the Grand Cross is documented, there is very limited information on it.

On August 20, 1851, the order was again reduced to one class, and the three lower classes were assimilated into the newly established Wilhelm Order.

The House Order of the Golden Lion and the Wilhelm Order feature a very similar obverse and reverse design. The main difference between them is that the lion featured on the obverse of the House Order of the Golden Lion has the back paw held higher than the front paw, while the lion featured on the obverse of the Wilhelm Order has both paws held at the same height.

Following the death of the last prince-elector of Hesse-Kassel, the order was taken over by Grand Duke Ludwig II of Hesse-Darmstadt. On June 6, 1876, the order was given new statutes and was introduced as a Grand Ducal Order.

The Grand Cross of the order was equal to the Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order.

The order became obsolete in 1918, following the abdication of the last Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt.

The I Class Commander was awarded with a Breast Star, the II Class was not.


Item For Sale By

Be the first to sell this item

Wanted By

Be the first to request this item


  • Price

    $5,000 USD

  • Composition


  • Inscription

  • Size


  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    Only one was awarded.

  • View Item


Sign in to comment and reply.

Scroll Top